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To Defend. To Protect. To Help.


From the History of the Police

A noble vocation and responsible duty of the police officers is to serve Lithuania, Law and Man. The main objective of their work is peace in the Motherland and security of the people.

During the restoration of the governmental structures of independent Lithuania, on December 11, 1990 the Law on Police of the Republic of Lithuania was adopted, the flag of the police with significant words on it "Law and Legality" was created and consecrated in the Vilnius Arch-Cathedral Basilica, and the Day of the Police, October 2, was restored.

During the years of independence, the Law Academy (with its branch in Kaunas) and the Klaipeda Higher Police School opened their doors for the implementation of noble precepts and the education of police officers.

The traditions of the Lithuanian police were developed over decades. Their roots were in 1918-1924 when the organisation of militia was established in Lithuania and the militia volunteers were working. On January 1, 1924 the militia was officially renamed into the police. Their activity was regulated by the laws and statutes of that time. The main one included the Law on Militia of May 14, 1920, the Statute on the State Security Department of May 19, 1935, and the Code of Circulars and the Instruction for Police Employees. 

Since 1924 the police organisation has changed many times. At first, the issues of the police were settled by the Department of the Citizens Defence of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Later on it was reorganised and on January 1, 1935 the Police Department was established which included the police branches of public (or order), railway, border, private and waterways. The Criminal Police acted as a separate part of the State Security Department.

Today, though they are oriented to the tradition of a pre-war police force, the Lithuanian police have a different structure. The police are formed by the Public and Criminal Police. It is a coherent police organisation with a joining and leading chain, the Police Department at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.

The Police Department maintains a close relationship with foreign states, exchanges delegations, co-operates in the drawing up of mutual programs, analyses and plans a criminological situation, and exchanges its work experience with others. It forms contracts of co-operation, analyses tendencies, conditions and reasons for the increase of crimes, maintains public order, implements preventive programmes, and co-operates with state and public organisations.

In 2008 the Lithuanian Police celebrated their 90-year anniversary.



Following the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, the Regulations of the Police Department under the Ministry of Internal Affairs were approved.


The Law on the Police Activity was passed.


The eightieth anniversary of the establishment of the Lithuanian Police. A new flag of the police was consecrated


The Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was reorganised into the Police Department at the Ministry of Internal Affairs


At the conference of IP A in Vienna the Lithuanian Department was officially accepted into the International Association of Police


The Association of the Lithuanian Police was established


Lithuania's membership in the international police organisation Interpol was restored. The Interpol Lithuanian National Bureau (ILNB) was established


Police and customs employees were killed in Medininkai border post


A new emblem of the police was approved. On October 2, the flag of the police was consecrated in the Arch-Cathedral


The Rapid Response Team ARAS was established


The bodies of the interior system in Lithuania were named to police units of cities and districts


The militia sub-unit of the special purpose OMON was abolished by the decree of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania


The Law on Police was passed


1918 - 1940


The Vilnius Police School was established


The team of Lithuanian policemen won silver and gold medals in the world shooting championship in Finland


Regulations for the police employees were approved


The Police Department which included public, border, railway, private and water police was established


The Criminal Police were separated from the Citizens Defence Department and acted in the composition of the State Security Department together with the security police


The first census of the police employees in Lithuania


The police-station for the traffic affairs was established


The Sports Club of the Police was established


The Sports Club of the Police was established


A sign of legitimisation of the Criminal Police was established (it was in force until 1933). Its author was the painter A.Zmuidzinavicius


"Kriminalinės žinios" was an informational publication published in Kaunas. From 1926 (No. I) until 1930 (No. 19) it was published as a supplement to the magazine "Policija" under the title "Kriminalinės žinios policijai"


The Transport Police were established


"Policija" was a fortnightly magazine of the Lithuanian police force. It was published by the Citizens Defence Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Police Club (from 1935) and the Police Department (1943-44)


The Militia was officially renamed into police


"Milicijos žinios" was an informational newspaper published in Kaunas. It was published and revised by the Citizens Defence Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs


The Museum of the Criminal Police was established in Kaunas (reorganised in 1930)


The Lower Police School was established in Rokiskis


The Higher Police School was established in Linksmadvaris


The first police festival took place


The Law on Militia was passed


Bolsheviks killed Aleksas Vainauskas, Chief of the Siauliai County. He was the first militia officer to be killed in the mid-war Lithuania


The first militia uniform of a unanimous sample was set in Lithuania. It was worn until 1923


Lithuania announced its independence


The first police school was established in Vilnius. It was the first school not only in Lithuania but also in Russia


Law on the Police Activities of the Republic of Lithuania of 17 October 2000, No. VIII-2048

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Last modified: 2013-07-15