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To Defend. To Protect. To Help.

History

From the History of the Police

A noble vocation and responsible duty of the police officers is to serve Lithuania, Law and Man. The main objective of their work is peace in the Motherland and security of the people.

During the restoration of the governmental structures of independent Lithuania, on December 11, 1990 the Law on Police of the Republic of Lithuania was adopted, the flag of the police with significant words on it "Law and Legality" was created and consecrated in the Vilnius Arch-Cathedral Basilica, and the Day of the Police, October 2, was restored.

During the years of independence, the Law Academy (with its branch in Kaunas) and the Klaipeda Higher Police School opened their doors for the implementation of noble precepts and the education of police officers.

The traditions of the Lithuanian police were developed over decades. Their roots were in 1918-1924 when the organisation of militia was established in Lithuania and the militia volunteers were working. On January 1, 1924 the militia was officially renamed into the police. Their activity was regulated by the laws and statutes of that time. The main one included the Law on Militia of May 14, 1920, the Statute on the State Security Department of May 19, 1935, and the Code of Circulars and the Instruction for Police Employees. 

Since 1924 the police organisation has changed many times. At first, the issues of the police were settled by the Department of the Citizens Defence of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Later on it was reorganised and on January 1, 1935 the Police Department was established which included the police branches of public (or order), railway, border, private and waterways. The Criminal Police acted as a separate part of the State Security Department.

Today, though they are oriented to the tradition of a pre-war police force, the Lithuanian police have a different structure. The police are formed by the Public and Criminal Police. It is a coherent police organisation with a joining and leading chain, the Police Department at the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania.

The Police Department maintains a close relationship with foreign states, exchanges delegations, co-operates in the drawing up of mutual programs, analyses and plans a criminological situation, and exchanges its work experience with others. It forms contracts of co-operation, analyses tendencies, conditions and reasons for the increase of crimes, maintains public order, implements preventive programmes, and co-operates with state and public organisations.

In 2008 the Lithuanian Police celebrated their 90-year anniversary.

1990-2001

29-01-2001

Following the Resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, the Regulations of the Police Department under the Ministry of Internal Affairs were approved.

27-10-2000

The Law on the Police Activity was passed.

02-10-1998

The eightieth anniversary of the establishment of the Lithuanian Police. A new flag of the police was consecrated

1997

The Police Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was reorganised into the Police Department at the Ministry of Internal Affairs

10-1995

At the conference of IP A in Vienna the Lithuanian Department was officially accepted into the International Association of Police

10-1993

The Association of the Lithuanian Police was established

30-11-1991

Lithuania's membership in the international police organisation Interpol was restored. The Interpol Lithuanian National Bureau (ILNB) was established

31-07-1991

Police and customs employees were killed in Medininkai border post

1991

A new emblem of the police was approved. On October 2, the flag of the police was consecrated in the Arch-Cathedral

04-04-1991

The Rapid Response Team ARAS was established

30-01-1991

The bodies of the interior system in Lithuania were named to police units of cities and districts

30-01-1991

The militia sub-unit of the special purpose OMON was abolished by the decree of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania

11-12-1990

The Law on Police was passed

  

1918 - 1940

14-12-1939

The Vilnius Police School was established

26-07-1937

The team of Lithuanian policemen won silver and gold medals in the world shooting championship in Finland

19-05-1935

Regulations for the police employees were approved

01-01-1935

The Police Department which included public, border, railway, private and water police was established

1933

The Criminal Police were separated from the Citizens Defence Department and acted in the composition of the State Security Department together with the security police

17-01-1932

The first census of the police employees in Lithuania

01-10-1932

The police-station for the traffic affairs was established

11-06-1923

The Sports Club of the Police was established

1927

The Sports Club of the Police was established

1926

A sign of legitimisation of the Criminal Police was established (it was in force until 1933). Its author was the painter A.Zmuidzinavicius

1926-1944

"Kriminalinės žinios" was an informational publication published in Kaunas. From 1926 (No. I) until 1930 (No. 19) it was published as a supplement to the magazine "Policija" under the title "Kriminalinės žinios policijai"

1923

The Transport Police were established

1924-1940

"Policija" was a fortnightly magazine of the Lithuanian police force. It was published by the Citizens Defence Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Police Club (from 1935) and the Police Department (1943-44)

01-01-1924

The Militia was officially renamed into police

1922-1923

"Milicijos žinios" was an informational newspaper published in Kaunas. It was published and revised by the Citizens Defence Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

1923

The Museum of the Criminal Police was established in Kaunas (reorganised in 1930)

1923

The Lower Police School was established in Rokiskis

03-11-1922

The Higher Police School was established in Linksmadvaris

01-10-1921

The first police festival took place

14-05-1920

The Law on Militia was passed

1919

Bolsheviks killed Aleksas Vainauskas, Chief of the Siauliai County. He was the first militia officer to be killed in the mid-war Lithuania

1919

The first militia uniform of a unanimous sample was set in Lithuania. It was worn until 1923

16-02-1918

Lithuania announced its independence

03-10-1904

The first police school was established in Vilnius. It was the first school not only in Lithuania but also in Russia

 

Law on the Police Activities of the Republic of Lithuania of 17 October 2000, No. VIII-2048

 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
State budgetary institution
Saltoniskiu Str. 19, LT-08105 Vilnius
Tel. +370 5 271 7936, E-mail info@policija.lt
Code 188785847
Last modified: 2013-07-15