The main policing institution in Lithuania is the Lithuanian Police. The Lithuanian Police system consists of the Police Department under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania, specialized police units, territorial police units and police professional training institution.
There are other law enforcement institutions to perform policing functions in particular fields: the Financial Crime Investigation Service under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania, the State Border Guard Service under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania, the Customs Criminal Service, the Special Investigation Service, the State Security Department and the Military Police.
The police activity is regulated by the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Police Activities adopted in 2000.
The general management and control of the Lithuanian Police is the responsibility of the Police Commissioner General of Lithuania, who is appointed for a period of 5 years and dismissed by the President of the Republic of Lithuania upon suggestion by the Minister of the Interior and approved by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. The Police Commissioner General of Lithuania is directly subordinated to the Minister of the Interior and accountable to the President of the Republic of Lithuania.
Functions and missions
The Lithuanian Police is a statutory organization, ensuring public order and safety, detecting and investigating the criminal deeds and other violations of law as well as rendering other social (humanitarian) aid for the people. The police, in compliance with the laws and other legal acts, impartially protect all people within the territory of the Republic of Lithuania, regardless of their nationality, race, sex, language, origin, social status, religious beliefs, convictions or views. The police activities are based on democracy, respect for human rights and freedom, humanism, morals of society, lawfulness, professional openness.
The main tasks of the Lithuanian Police are to:
- protect human rights and freedoms;
- ensure public order and safety;
- render emergency assistance to the people when it is necessary because of their physical or mental helplessness, as well as to the people who have suffered from the criminal deeds, other violations of law, natural calamities or similar deeds;
- prevent criminal deeds and other violations of law;
- detect and investigate criminal deeds and other violations of law;
- control traffic safety.
The Police Department under the Ministry of Interior 2012-2014 years strategic action plan (pdf)